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Articles and Resources on the Topic of Diversion

"An Assessment of Houston Area EDs." May, 2002.

"Avoiding ED Diversion Pays Big Dividends." Medicare Part A Insider. August 2, 2002.

"Baltimore City Task Force on Emergency Department Crowding: Findings and Recommendations." June 2006.

"Best Practices for Hospitals Regarding Ambulance Diversions." The Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Executive Office of Health and Human Services, Department of Public Health. December 16, 1999.

"Best Practices: Emergency Department Crowding and Ambulance Diversion." Arizona College of Emergency Physicians, 2000.

"California Health Care System: Overview of the Hospital/EMS Crisis Winter of 1997-98: Findings and Recommendations." Task Force (California EMSA, California DHS, & California Healthcare Association), December 1998.

"Do No-Diversion Policies Make a Difference?" EMS Insider, 2005.

"Effects of Hospital Closures and Hospital Characteristics on Emergency Department Ambulance Diversion." Los Angeles County, 1998-2004.

"Emergency Demand Management." Acute Health, Department of Human Services, Melbourne, Australia. February 2001.

"Emergency Department Overcrowding in Massachusetts: Making Room in Our Hospitals." The Massachusetts Health Policy Forum. 2001.

"Emergency Department Overload: A Growing Crisis." The results of the AHA survey of Emergency Department and Hospital Capacity. The Lewin Group, April 2002.

"Emergency Services Task Force: A Report to the Governor of Florida and the Florida Legislature. Agency for Health Care Administration and Department of Health. December 31, 2000.

"Hospital Emergency Departments, Crowded Conditions Vary Among Hospitals and Communities. GAO. March, 2003.

"Houston Trauma Economic Assessment and System Survey." (click "Reports").

"National Preparedness: Ambulance Diversions Impede Access to Emergency Rooms." Prepared for Rep. Henry A. Waxman, US House of Representatives. October 16, 2001.

"The State of America's Hospitals—Taking the Pulse, 2006." American Hospital Association.

"Responding to Emergency Department Crowding: A Guidebook for Chapters. "A Report of the Crowding Resources Task Force. American College of Emergency Physicians. August 2002.

Anderson, Friedberg, and Strei. "Survey: Hospital Overcrowding Issues Increase Over last Year, According to Health Care Organization Executives." American College of Emergency Physicians. January 15, 2007.

Begley, Chang, Wood, and Weltge. "Emergency Department Diversion and Trauma Mortality: Evidence from Houston, Texas." The Journal of Trauma Injury, Infection, and Critical Care, 2004.

Brewster, Rudell, and Lesser. "Emergency Room Diversions: A Symptom of Hospitals Under Stress." HSC Issue Brief No. 38, May, 2001.

Cunningham. "What Accounts for Differences in the Use of Hospitals Emergency Departments Across US Communities?" Health Affairs, September/October 2006; 25(5).

Delbridge and Yealy. "Looking for a Solution…to the Solution?" Annals of Emergency Medicine. August 2004.

Fatovich and Hirsch. "Entry Overload, Emergency Department Overcrowding, and Ambulance Bypass." Emerg Med J. 2003.

Glushak, Delbridge, and Garrison. "Ambulance Diversion." National Association of EMS Physicians. Position Paper. August, 1996.

Hansel, Peter. "Growing Gap in California's Emergency Room Backup System." California Senate Office of Research. May 2003.

Hick, Hanfling, Burstein, DeAtley, Barbisch, Bogdan, and Cantrill. "Health Care Facility and Community Strategies for Patient Care Surge Capacity." Annals of Emergency Medicine. September 2004.

Kobis, D., Kennedy, K. "Capacity Management and Patient Throughput: Putting the Problem to Bed." Healthcare Financial Management, October 2006.

Litvak, Long, Cooper, and McManus. "Emergency Department Diversion: Causes and Solutions." Academic Emergency Medicine. November 2001.

Magid, Asplin, and Wears. "The Quality Gap: Searching for the Consequences of Emergency Department Crowding." Ann Emerg Med, December 2004; 44(6).

Neely, Norton, and Yound. "The effect of hospital resource unavailability and ambulance diversions on the EMS system." Prehospital Disaster Med, 1994.

O'Brien. "Wrong Town to get Sick in." The Las Vegas Sun. November 16, 2000.

Olshaker and Rathiev. "Emergency Department Overcrowding and Ambulance Diversion: the Impact and Potential Solutions of Extended Boarding of Admitted Patients in the Emergency Department." Administration of Emergency Medicine, 2006.

Patel, Derlet, Vinson, Williams, and Wills. "Ambulance Diversion Reduction: The Sacramento Solution." American Journal of Emergency Medicine. 2006.

Redelmeier, Blair, and Collins. "No place to unload: a preliminary analysis of the prevalence, risk factors, and consequences of ambulance diversion." Annals of Emergency Medicine, 1994.

Rut, McCaig, and Valverde. "Analysis of Ambulance Transports and Diversions Among US Emergency Departments." Annals of Emergency Medicine, 2006.

Schull, Laxier, and Vermeulen. "Emergency Department Contributors to Ambulance Diversion: a Quantitative Analysis." Annals of Emergency Medicine, 2003.

Schull, Mamdany, and Fang. "Community Influenza Outbreaks and Emergency Department Ambulance Diversion." Annals of Emergency Medicine. July 2004.

Schull, Morrison, Vermeulen, and Redelmeier. "Emergency department overcrowding and ambulance transport delays for patients with chest pain." CMAJ, 2003.

Schur, Mohr, and Zhao. "Emergency Department Use in Maryland: A Profile or Users, Visits, and Ambulance Diversion." The Project HOPE Center for Health Affairs. April 2003.

Silka, Geiderman, and Kim. "Diversion of ALS ambulances: characteristics, causes, and effects in a large urban system." Prehospital Emergency Care, 2001.

Trzeciak and Rivers. "Emergency Department Overcrowding in the United States: An Emerging Threat to Patient Safety and Public Health." Emerg Med J. 2003.

Vilke, Castillo, Metz, Ray, Murrin, Lev, and Chan. "Community Trail to Decrease Ambulance Diversion Hours: The San Diego County Patient Destination Trial." Annals of Emergency Medicine. August 2004.

West JG, Trunkey DD, and Lim RC. "Systems of Trauma Care: A Study of Two Counties." Arch Surg, 1979.



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